The PB4Y-2 Privateer was a patrol bomber that was used by the United States during World War II.

Description

The PB4Y-2 Privateer was a 4 engine high wing aircraft derived from the Consolidated B-24D Liberator.  Unlike the B-24D, the PB4Y-2 had a single vertical stabilizer, and two distinct waist blisters similar to the PBY-5 Catalina.  Other modifications included a seven foot fuselage extension forward of the wing spars to accommodate additional electronic equipment and crew.  The 4 massive engines had been refitted from the Pratt & Whitney R 1830-65 to the R 1830-94, this new engine type did not have the turbocharger and was designed for low altitude flying.[1]

Variants

59 Transport variants were delivered with 33 going to the U.S. Marine Corps designated as the RY-3 and an additional 26 entering service with the R.A.F. with the designation Liberator IX.[2]

History

The United States Navy directed the Consolidated Aircraft Company to convert 3 B-24D model bombers which had been ordered as PB4Y-1 into the PB4Y-2 configuration in May of 1943.  The first prototype flew on 20 Sep. 1943 and in October of that year the Navy ordered full production of this new variant.

The U.S. Navy took delivery of the first aircraft in March of 1944, and production continued through October 1945.  In total the U.S. Navy purchased 740 PB4Y-2 airframes, some of which went to the U.S. Marine Corps.  

The PB4Y-2 remained in the U.S. Navy inventory until 1954 when they were phased out.  Some PB4Y-2 continued to fly as P4Y-2K radio controlled drones into the 1960s.[3]

References

  1. Polmar, Norman. "Historic aircraft: The Flying Pirate." Naval History, November/December (1997)
  2. Polmar, Norman. "Historic aircraft: The Flying Pirate." Naval History, November/December 1997.
  3. Polmar, Norman. "Historic aircraft: The Flying Pirate." Naval History, November/December 1997.


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.