The Macchi MC.200 Saetta (Lightning) was an Italian fighter plane of the Second World War..
The MC.200 was developed to meet a specification issued by the Regia Aeronautica shortly after the end of the conflict in Ethiopia. Issued as part of 'Programme R', the specification called for a fast, single seat bomber intercepting monoplane, with an endurance of one hour and armament of a single 12.7 mm machine gun.[N 1]
Submitted alongside aircraft from Caproni (Caproni Vizzola F.5), Aeronautica (Umbra T.18), I.M.A.M (I.M.A.M Ro.51), Reggiane (Reggiane RE.2000) and Fiat (Fiat G.50), the prototype MC.200 (MM 336), made its initial flight on 24 December 1937, in the hands of test pilot Giuseppe Burei.
Selected as the winning entry in 1938, Macchi was awarded a production contract for 99 MC.200 aircraft, with serials MM 4495 to MM 4593. Delivered from the Spring of 1939, the first 25 examples were fitted with Fiat-Hamilton constant speed air screws, while the others had Piaggio P.1001 units. Ammunition capacity for the pair of 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns was increased from 310 rounds each to 370 rounds each from the fourteenth example.
- The endurance and armament requirements were doubled soon after the specification was issued.
- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force via Wikimedia
- Green, William. Famous Fighters of the Second World War. Purnell Book Services. 1975. Page 72
- Green William - Fighters. Page 71
- Green William - Fighters. Page 73