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The Mauser vz. 24 was a bolt action rifle that was first developed in Czechoslovakia before eventually seeing service largely with Romania and Germany during World War II.

Description

The vz. 24 was first exported and shipped to countries around the world in 1924. It was most commonly chambered for the 7.92x57mm Mauser cartridge and could fit a maximum of five rounds in its internal box magazine, and could be loaded by stripper clips or manually.[1] The total weight of the rifle was about 4.2 kilograms while its total length was 110 centimeters. The vz. 24 was very famous for being exceedingly reliable and effective in the field. This made it very popular with both the frontline troops who used it and the nations that purchased it.[2]

Designed to be used with the rifle was the vz. 24 model bayonet, measuring 300 mm in length. The construction of the rifle consisted of a single walnut wood stock protecting much of the barrel. Overall, the design was similar to that of the German Mauser Karabiner 1898 Kurz rifle, which meant that they could oftentimes be exchanged in the field; further assisted by the fact that they both utilized the same ammunition. The maximum range of the weapon was around 3,000 meters while its muzzle velocity was about 830 meters per second.[3]

Variants

The two most notable variants of the vz. 24 rifle were the Mauser G24(t) German conversion and the Romanian vz. 24 conversion. The G24(t) only really had minor visual changes made to it to make it even more similar to the Karabiner rifle already in service. The Romanian vz. 24, meanwhile was barely changed except for markings.  In total, some 750,000 examples of vz. 24 rifle had been ordered by Romania with most having been produced and entered service with Romanian frontline troops.

History

The vz. 24 was first ordered in 1922, taking pieces from Mauser and Mannlicher rifles. Development was finally finished in September of 1924 with the first production examples being produced in Brno. After full production had been achieved, the rearmament of Czechoslovakia had begun, as well as the mass export of rifles to countries around the world. Among the first conflicts that the vz. 24 had seen was the Spanish Civil War. However, in 1939 when Czechoslovakia had been occupied by Germany, huge stockpiles of rifles had been taken possession of and pushed into German stocks as the G24(t). Extra rifles were also given to Romania as one of their main service rifles. These saw service all along the Eastern Front in such places as the Battle of Stalingrad

References

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=691
  2. http://www.fronta.cz/fotogalerie/puska-vz-24
  3. http://www.worldwar2.ro/arme/?article=278


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