The Nakajima E8N (Allied codename Dave) was a reconnaissance seaplane that was used by Japan during WWII.

Description

The E8N1 had a Nakajima Kotobuki 2KAI1 engine that was capable of propelling it at speeds up to 299 kilometers per hour. The E8N1 also had a crew of two men with an armament that consisted of a single 7.7mm machine gun in the gunner position and a single forward firing 7.7mm machine gun.[1]

The total length of the E8N was around 8.8 meters with a total weight of  1320 kilograms unloaded. Its wingspan meanwhile was around 10.9 meters with an operational range of 900 kilometers and a service ceiling of 7,200 meters.[2] The aircraft itself was ship-borne and was launched by catapult. The reliability of the aircraft was good, though it was not particularly well armored. 

Variants

The first and only variant of the original E8N was the E8N2 model which had the main distinction of featuring a far more powerful Kotobuki Kai 2 engine. Other than this improvement, the E8N2 was similar to its original. 

History

The E8N1 initially began development in 1934 with it entering service with IJNAF the next year. The type itself was developed to replace the older Nakajima E4N which by that time had become completely outdated for the role. The E8N was immediately put into service on all capital ships and was used successfully in the first year of the Pacific War. It was well liked for its ability to be used in various situations and in fact, in 1941 Germany had bought a single E8N to be used on one of its cruisers. However, by 1942, the type became fundamentally outdated to its counterparts and was thus relegated to second-line service for the rest of the war.[3] In total, around 755 examples had been produced during the war.

References

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