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Small buildings inside Tokyo

Located on the plain of Honshu,[1] Tokyo is the capital city of Japan. It served as headquarters for the Imperial Government at the time and was constantly bombed by the Allies toward the end of the war.


On 18 April 1942, Tokyo was among the targets bombed by a force of b-25 bombers, launched fron the carrier USS Hornet, and commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle. Intended to boost US morale after the Bombing of Pearl Harbor, the attack subsequently became known as the Doolittle Raid.[N 1]


  1. The Japanese initially dismissed the attack as the "Do Nothing Raid.[2]


  1. Roberts, Andrew. The Storm of War - A new history of the Second World War. Penguin Books. ISBN 978 0 141 02928 3. (2010). Page 573,
  2. Willmott, H.P., Robin Cross and Charles Messenger. DK Illustrated Guide to World War II. Dorling Kindersley Limited. 2012 reprint. ISBN 978 1 4093 7649 1 Page 122
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